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TensorFlow实现自定义Op方式

262 次  2020-10-19  分类 : python教程

『写在前面』

以CTC Beam search decoder为例,简单整理一下TensorFlow实现自定义Op的操作流程。

基本的流程

1. 定义Op接口

#include "tensorflow/core/framework/op.h"

REGISTER_OP("Custom")  
  .Input("custom_input: int32")
  .Output("custom_output: int32");

2. 为Op实现Compute操作(CPU)或实现kernel(GPU)

#include "tensorflow/core/framework/op_kernel.h"

using namespace tensorflow;

class CustomOp : public OpKernel{
  public:
  explicit CustomOp(OpKernelConstruction* context) : OpKernel(context) {}
  void Compute(OpKernelContext* context) override {
  // 获取输入 tensor.
  const Tensor& input_tensor = context->input(0);
  auto input = input_tensor.flat<int32>();
  // 创建一个输出 tensor.
  Tensor* output_tensor = NULL;
  OP_REQUIRES_OK(context, context->allocate_output(0, input_tensor.shape(),
                           &output_tensor));
  auto output = output_tensor->template flat<int32>();
  //进行具体的运算,操作input和output
  //……
 }
};

3. 将实现的kernel注册到TensorFlow系统中

REGISTER_KERNEL_BUILDER(Name("Custom").Device(DEVICE_CPU), CustomOp);

CTCBeamSearchDecoder自定义

该Op对应TensorFlow中的源码部分

Op接口的定义:

tensorflow-master/tensorflow/core/ops/ctc_ops.cc

CTCBeamSearchDecoder本身的定义:

tensorflow-master/tensorflow/core/util/ctc/ctc_beam_search.cc

Op-Class的封装与Op注册:

tensorflow-master/tensorflow/core/kernels/ctc_decoder_ops.cc

基于源码修改的Op

#include <algorithm>
#include <vector>
#include <cmath>

#include "tensorflow/core/util/ctc/ctc_beam_search.h"

#include "tensorflow/core/framework/op.h"
#include "tensorflow/core/framework/op_kernel.h"
#include "tensorflow/core/framework/shape_inference.h"
#include "tensorflow/core/kernels/bounds_check.h"

namespace tf = tensorflow;
using tf::shape_inference::DimensionHandle;
using tf::shape_inference::InferenceContext;
using tf::shape_inference::ShapeHandle;

using namespace tensorflow;

REGISTER_OP("CTCBeamSearchDecoderWithParam")
  .Input("inputs: float")
  .Input("sequence_length: int32")
  .Attr("beam_width: int >= 1")
  .Attr("top_paths: int >= 1")
  .Attr("merge_repeated: bool = true")
  //新添加了两个参数
  .Attr("label_selection_size: int >= 0 = 0") 
  .Attr("label_selection_margin: float") 
  .Output("decoded_indices: top_paths * int64")
  .Output("decoded_values: top_paths * int64")
  .Output("decoded_shape: top_paths * int64")
  .Output("log_probability: float")
  .SetShapeFn([](InferenceContext* c) {
   ShapeHandle inputs;
   ShapeHandle sequence_length;

   TF_RETURN_IF_ERROR(c->WithRank(c->input(0), 3, &inputs));
   TF_RETURN_IF_ERROR(c->WithRank(c->input(1), 1, &sequence_length));

   // Get batch size from inputs and sequence_length.
   DimensionHandle batch_size;
   TF_RETURN_IF_ERROR(
     c->Merge(c->Dim(inputs, 1), c->Dim(sequence_length, 0), &batch_size));

   int32 top_paths;
   TF_RETURN_IF_ERROR(c->GetAttr("top_paths", &top_paths));

   // Outputs.
   int out_idx = 0;
   for (int i = 0; i < top_paths; ++i) { // decoded_indices
    c->set_output(out_idx++, c->Matrix(InferenceContext::kUnknownDim, 2));
   }
   for (int i = 0; i < top_paths; ++i) { // decoded_values
    c->set_output(out_idx++, c->Vector(InferenceContext::kUnknownDim));
   }
   ShapeHandle shape_v = c->Vector(2);
   for (int i = 0; i < top_paths; ++i) { // decoded_shape
    c->set_output(out_idx++, shape_v);
   }
   c->set_output(out_idx++, c->Matrix(batch_size, top_paths));
   return Status::OK();
  });

typedef Eigen::ThreadPoolDevice CPUDevice;

inline float RowMax(const TTypes<float>::UnalignedConstMatrix& m, int r,
          int* c) {
 *c = 0;
 CHECK_LT(0, m.dimension(1));
 float p = m(r, 0);
 for (int i = 1; i < m.dimension(1); ++i) {
  if (m(r, i) > p) {
   p = m(r, i);
   *c = i;
  }
 }
 return p;
}

class CTCDecodeHelper {
 public:
 CTCDecodeHelper() : top_paths_(1) {}

 inline int GetTopPaths() const { return top_paths_; }
 void SetTopPaths(int tp) { top_paths_ = tp; }

 Status ValidateInputsGenerateOutputs(
   OpKernelContext* ctx, const Tensor** inputs, const Tensor** seq_len,
   Tensor** log_prob, OpOutputList* decoded_indices,
   OpOutputList* decoded_values, OpOutputList* decoded_shape) const {
  Status status = ctx->input("inputs", inputs);
  if (!status.ok()) return status;
  status = ctx->input("sequence_length", seq_len);
  if (!status.ok()) return status;

  const TensorShape& inputs_shape = (*inputs)->shape();

  if (inputs_shape.dims() != 3) {
   return errors::InvalidArgument("inputs is not a 3-Tensor");
  }

  const int64 max_time = inputs_shape.dim_size(0);
  const int64 batch_size = inputs_shape.dim_size(1);

  if (max_time == 0) {
   return errors::InvalidArgument("max_time is 0");
  }
  if (!TensorShapeUtils::IsVector((*seq_len)->shape())) {
   return errors::InvalidArgument("sequence_length is not a vector");
  }

  if (!(batch_size == (*seq_len)->dim_size(0))) {
   return errors::FailedPrecondition(
     "len(sequence_length) != batch_size. ", "len(sequence_length): ",
     (*seq_len)->dim_size(0), " batch_size: ", batch_size);
  }

  auto seq_len_t = (*seq_len)->vec<int32>();

  for (int b = 0; b < batch_size; ++b) {
   if (!(seq_len_t(b) <= max_time)) {
    return errors::FailedPrecondition("sequence_length(", b, ") <= ",
                     max_time);
   }
  }

  Status s = ctx->allocate_output(
    "log_probability", TensorShape({batch_size, top_paths_}), log_prob);
  if (!s.ok()) return s;

  s = ctx->output_list("decoded_indices", decoded_indices);
  if (!s.ok()) return s;
  s = ctx->output_list("decoded_values", decoded_values);
  if (!s.ok()) return s;
  s = ctx->output_list("decoded_shape", decoded_shape);
  if (!s.ok()) return s;

  return Status::OK();
 }

 // sequences[b][p][ix] stores decoded value "ix" of path "p" for batch "b".
 Status StoreAllDecodedSequences(
   const std::vector<std::vector<std::vector<int> > >& sequences,
   OpOutputList* decoded_indices, OpOutputList* decoded_values,
   OpOutputList* decoded_shape) const {
  // Calculate the total number of entries for each path
  const int64 batch_size = sequences.size();
  std::vector<int64> num_entries(top_paths_, 0);

  // Calculate num_entries per path
  for (const auto& batch_s : sequences) {
   CHECK_EQ(batch_s.size(), top_paths_);
   for (int p = 0; p < top_paths_; ++p) {
    num_entries[p] += batch_s[p].size();
   }
  }

  for (int p = 0; p < top_paths_; ++p) {
   Tensor* p_indices = nullptr;
   Tensor* p_values = nullptr;
   Tensor* p_shape = nullptr;

   const int64 p_num = num_entries[p];

   Status s =
     decoded_indices->allocate(p, TensorShape({p_num, 2}), &p_indices);
   if (!s.ok()) return s;
   s = decoded_values->allocate(p, TensorShape({p_num}), &p_values);
   if (!s.ok()) return s;
   s = decoded_shape->allocate(p, TensorShape({2}), &p_shape);
   if (!s.ok()) return s;

   auto indices_t = p_indices->matrix<int64>();
   auto values_t = p_values->vec<int64>();
   auto shape_t = p_shape->vec<int64>();

   int64 max_decoded = 0;
   int64 offset = 0;

   for (int64 b = 0; b < batch_size; ++b) {
    auto& p_batch = sequences[b][p];
    int64 num_decoded = p_batch.size();
    max_decoded = std::max(max_decoded, num_decoded);
    std::copy_n(p_batch.begin(), num_decoded, &values_t(offset));
    for (int64 t = 0; t < num_decoded; ++t, ++offset) {
     indices_t(offset, 0) = b;
     indices_t(offset, 1) = t;
    }
   }

   shape_t(0) = batch_size;
   shape_t(1) = max_decoded;
  }
  return Status::OK();
 }

 private:
 int top_paths_;
 TF_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(CTCDecodeHelper);
};

// CTC beam search
class CTCBeamSearchDecoderWithParamOp : public OpKernel {
 public:
 explicit CTCBeamSearchDecoderWithParamOp(OpKernelConstruction* ctx) : OpKernel(ctx) {
  OP_REQUIRES_OK(ctx, ctx->GetAttr("merge_repeated", &merge_repeated_));
  OP_REQUIRES_OK(ctx, ctx->GetAttr("beam_width", &beam_width_));
  //从参数列表中读取新添的两个参数
  OP_REQUIRES_OK(ctx, ctx->GetAttr("label_selection_size", &label_selection_size));
  OP_REQUIRES_OK(ctx, ctx->GetAttr("label_selection_margin", &label_selection_margin));
  int top_paths;
  OP_REQUIRES_OK(ctx, ctx->GetAttr("top_paths", &top_paths));
  decode_helper_.SetTopPaths(top_paths);
 }

 void Compute(OpKernelContext* ctx) override {
  const Tensor* inputs;
  const Tensor* seq_len;
  Tensor* log_prob = nullptr;
  OpOutputList decoded_indices;
  OpOutputList decoded_values;
  OpOutputList decoded_shape;
  OP_REQUIRES_OK(ctx, decode_helper_.ValidateInputsGenerateOutputs(
              ctx, &inputs, &seq_len, &log_prob, &decoded_indices,
              &decoded_values, &decoded_shape));

  auto inputs_t = inputs->tensor<float, 3>();
  auto seq_len_t = seq_len->vec<int32>();
  auto log_prob_t = log_prob->matrix<float>();

  const TensorShape& inputs_shape = inputs->shape();

  const int64 max_time = inputs_shape.dim_size(0);
  const int64 batch_size = inputs_shape.dim_size(1);
  const int64 num_classes_raw = inputs_shape.dim_size(2);
  OP_REQUIRES(
    ctx, FastBoundsCheck(num_classes_raw, std::numeric_limits<int>::max()),
    errors::InvalidArgument("num_classes cannot exceed max int"));
  const int num_classes = static_cast<const int>(num_classes_raw);

  log_prob_t.setZero();

  std::vector<TTypes<float>::UnalignedConstMatrix> input_list_t;

  for (std::size_t t = 0; t < max_time; ++t) {
   input_list_t.emplace_back(inputs_t.data() + t * batch_size * num_classes,
                batch_size, num_classes);
  }

  ctc::CTCBeamSearchDecoder<> beam_search(num_classes, beam_width_,
                      &beam_scorer_, 1 /* batch_size */,
                      merge_repeated_);
  //使用传入的两个参数进行Set
  beam_search.SetLabelSelectionParameters(label_selection_size, label_selection_margin);
  Tensor input_chip(DT_FLOAT, TensorShape({num_classes}));
  auto input_chip_t = input_chip.flat<float>();

  std::vector<std::vector<std::vector<int> > > best_paths(batch_size);
  std::vector<float> log_probs;

  // Assumption: the blank index is num_classes - 1
  for (int b = 0; b < batch_size; ++b) {
   auto& best_paths_b = best_paths[b];
   best_paths_b.resize(decode_helper_.GetTopPaths());
   for (int t = 0; t < seq_len_t(b); ++t) {
    input_chip_t = input_list_t[t].chip(b, 0);
    auto input_bi =
      Eigen::Map<const Eigen::ArrayXf>(input_chip_t.data(), num_classes);
    beam_search.Step(input_bi);
   }
   OP_REQUIRES_OK(
     ctx, beam_search.TopPaths(decode_helper_.GetTopPaths(), &best_paths_b,
                  &log_probs, merge_repeated_));

   beam_search.Reset();

   for (int bp = 0; bp < decode_helper_.GetTopPaths(); ++bp) {
    log_prob_t(b, bp) = log_probs[bp];
   }
  }

  OP_REQUIRES_OK(ctx, decode_helper_.StoreAllDecodedSequences(
              best_paths, &decoded_indices, &decoded_values,
              &decoded_shape));
 }

 private:
 CTCDecodeHelper decode_helper_;
 ctc::CTCBeamSearchDecoder<>::DefaultBeamScorer beam_scorer_;
 bool merge_repeated_;
 int beam_width_;
 //新添两个数据成员,用于存储新加的参数
 int label_selection_size;
 float label_selection_margin;
 TF_DISALLOW_COPY_AND_ASSIGN(CTCBeamSearchDecoderWithParamOp);
};

REGISTER_KERNEL_BUILDER(Name("CTCBeamSearchDecoderWithParam").Device(DEVICE_CPU),
            CTCBeamSearchDecoderWithParamOp);

将自定义的Op编译成.so文件

在tensorflow-master目录下新建一个文件夹custom_op

cd custom_op

新建一个BUILD文件,并在其中添加如下代码:

cc_library(
  name = "ctc_decoder_with_param",
  srcs = [
      "new_beamsearch.cc"
      ] +
      glob(["boost_locale/**/*.hpp"]),
  includes = ["boost_locale"],
  copts = ["-std=c++11"],
  deps = ["//tensorflow/core:core",
      "//tensorflow/core/util/ctc",
      "//third_party/eigen3",
  ],
)

编译过程:

1. cd 到 tensorflow-master 目录下

2. bazel build -c opt --copt=-O3 //tensorflow:libtensorflow_cc.so //custom_op:ctc_decoder_with_param

3. bazel-bin/custom_op 目录下生成 libctc_decoder_with_param.so

在训练(预测)程序中使用自定义的Op

在程序中定义如下的方法:

decode_param_op_module = tf.load_op_library('libctc_decoder_with_param.so')
def decode_with_param(inputs, sequence_length, beam_width=100,
          top_paths=1, merge_repeated=True):
  decoded_ixs, decoded_vals, decoded_shapes, log_probabilities = (
    decode_param_op_module.ctc_beam_search_decoder_with_param(
      inputs, sequence_length, beam_width=beam_width,
      top_paths=top_paths, merge_repeated=merge_repeated,
      label_selection_size=40, label_selection_margin=0.99))
  return (
    [tf.SparseTensor(ix, val, shape) for (ix, val, shape)
     in zip(decoded_ixs, decoded_vals, decoded_shapes)],
    log_probabilities)

然后就可以像使用tf.nn.ctc_beam_search_decoder一样使用该Op了。

以上这篇TensorFlow实现自定义Op方式就是小编分享给大家的全部内容了,希望能给大家一个参考,也希望大家多多支持python博客。

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